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Rules for IKCAC - 2009 Season

The Scorekeeper last approved scores for this shoot on: 1/14/10

Shoot Begins: Sunday, February 1, 2009
Shoot Ends: Tuesday, December 1, 2009
Scores must be Submitted by: Thursday, December 31, 2009


XXV Annual Interkingdom Archery Competition

Updated 4/1/2009

by Lorenzo il Confuso, Keeper of the Interkingdom Archery Competition

NOTE: Following is a detailed note stating the changes now in effect for the 2009 season (Season XXXII) of the IKAC/IKCAC competition. The overall rules document has also been updated to reflect the new rules

Summary of CHANGES for Season XXXII (2009 season)

2) CHANGES: The following changes are now in effect for the 2009 season (Season XXXII):
- CHILDREN Division is now limited to children 10 years or younger
- YOUTH division is for children aged 10-13
- BOTH divisions will use the formerly CHILDREN division shorter distances (10,15,20 yards, instead of 20,30,40).
- Archers 14 or older will compete in the regular divisions at regular distances.
- The CHILDREN and YOUTH Divisions were always meant ONLY to help children get interested and started in archery and put in the time to start developing their skills. As I had specifically mentioned in the rules, children who already shoot at the level of adults should be shooting in the main divisions. For the most part this has worked, but there have been some exceptions. In the interest of the competition, starting this year, I will be enforcing this last point. Scores for the Children and Youth divisions will be limited to 200 or below (higher scores will be rejected). Also, I don't want to get multiple scores that all hover around 200. Those scores will be rejected. Marshals, please understand the goal of these divisions, they are meant to encourage children to get started and develop. I thank you in advance for your assistance on this.

- VERY HIGH SCORES: Without question, throughout the years by far the most unpleasant part of being Keeper has been dealing with the flood of emails that very high scores have generated from others.
Having run the competition since 2000, and having 15000+ scores in my database, I can pretty much chart the progress of the archers of the SCA at large, and that of any individual archer who has ever shot an IKAC. But lately this matter has become worse, and it is my strongly held belief that the constant doubting of scores is damaging to the competition, because it generates the feeling that not everyone is playing by the same rules. As proof I can offer the many letters that I have received from archers who have written to me saying they are no longer shooting the IKAC for this very reason. So this must be addressed, and it will be addressed.

Although I firmly believe in the honor system that is at the heart of most of the SCA's competitions, clearly something has to be done to restore and/or strengthen everyone's belief that the IKAC is an open and level playing field. Therefore, even though going forward most scores will be entered on-line, I will review each score before I allow them to be posted. I reserve the right to reject any score for any reason. If a score is rejected, I will inform the marshal of the fact and try to get more information regarding individual scores if they are well outside the mean. I would like to accept all scores, but the integrity of the competition will take precedence no matter what
In the end, I personally guarantee to each and every archer in the SCA that everyone in the competition is playing by the same rules, and my guarantee will include personal observation, wherever required. So going forward you can safely assume that if a score is posted, it deserves to be there.

IKAC rules

The IKAC consists of six Divisions: Open Handbow, Open Crossbow, Period Handbow, Period Crossbow, Children�s Division and Youth Division. The competition starts on 1 February and ends on December 1.

In all Divisions, each Kingdom's score will be the average of the top 3 scorers. All scores submitted for ALL archers that participate in the competition will be shown in the database on the Scores page.

Prizes will be given for each Division, ONLY to the top three archers of the winning Kingdom, except as noted below

1) In the Open Division prizes will be awarded for the 1st place Kingdom (Golden Medallions) and the Second Place Kingdom (Silver Medallions).

2) In the Youth Division, where only the top three archers overall will be rewarded, regardless of Kingdom.

Note that If more than 100 archers place in any other division, the Keeper will furnish medallions to the Second Place Kingdom in that division as well, but this is only if more than 100 archers place in any division other than the Open Division. It is hoped that this will provide incentive to have more archers shooting in divisons other than the Open. It is further hoped that each Kingdom will encourage the efforts of their archers by awarding further recognition regardless of placement. The final scores as well as the monthly report will be by the Keeper sent to the Kingdom newsletters.

Note: The rules below have been amended with the new rules. There are other minor changes throughout the document. Please take the time to read through the entire rules document.


- The IKAC consists of twelve rounds: two static (or �untimed�) rounds at 40, two timed (or �speed�) rounds at 40, two static rounds at 30, two timed rounds at 30, two static rounds at 20 and two timed rounds at 20. The static rounds will consist of six arrows each. There is no limit on the number of arrows that can be shot in the timed round. Once again: this means that each archer will shoot at each distance four times, two static and two timed. Note: The distances must be measured out, not paced.

- For the Children and Youth Division, the distances are 10, 15 and 20 yards respectively. Everything else is the same.


There is no time limit for the static rounds. Each timed (or �speed�) round is to be shot in two ends of 30 seconds and as many arrows as can be loosed in that time.

The archers may begin drawn and aimed, to release upon command. The use of a tape recorder with a recording of the thirty second count-down is permitted for timing the ends. In shooting a speed end, you MUST draw your own arrows, NO ONE may hand them to you. If an arrow is in flight at the end of 30 seconds it will be counted.


1) An IKAC has to be shot as one continuous shoot. An archer must declare when the IKAC is started, and must shoot each end until the IKAC shoot is completed.

2) The order of the ends is left to the archer or the Marshal, at the discretion of the Marshal, as long as each IKAC score is shot as one complete, uninterrupted shoot. For example, an archer may shoot two Royal Rounds back to back, and then shoot two 30-yard timed ends and two 40-yard timed ends to complete the IKAC shoot. The above scenario would be fine, as long as no other arrows are shot for any other reason during that time.

3) The archer may not pick and choose the best ends out of multiple shoots. Each shoot is a complete end-to-end exercise, where EACH arrow counts toward the final score

4) Once the start of an IKAC shoot has been declared, ALL arrows shot MUST be counted toward the score. Ranging shots and practice shots in between ends are specifically prohibited.

5) The archer may take a reasonable amount of time to complete a shoot, but no other arrows must be shot for ANY purpose (including another competition), once the archer has declared the start of his/her IKAC shoot. If that happens, that IKAC score cannot be counted.

6) The Keeper of the IKAC retains the right to question any score submitted. The name of the Marshal in charge of the shoot must be clearly shown on the score submission, and a contact number or email for the Archery Marshal in charge of the shoot must be provided so that the Keeper of the IKAC may contact him or her after the shoot in case clarifications are required. Please do not provide the name of the overall Marshal for the event, I need the contact information for the Archery Marshal that supervised the actual IKAC shoot. The Marshal must have knowledge of the shoot, and its details. If this information is not provided and questions arise, the Keeper of the IKAC may decide not to count the score submission. If this happens, the submitter of the score will be informed of the decision, and a mention of this fact will be posted on the web site, so that others may provide input, if necessary. NOTE: I highly recommend that you enter all scores using the on-line form, which will improve the speed of review and posting.


Equipment must conform to the rules specified for SCA Target Archery. Please refer to these rules when shooting the IKAC. The official SCA archery rules can be found on the SCA web page at, then click on the �Combat and Chivalry� link. Note: additional restrictions exist for shooting in the Period and Period Crossbow Divisions. Please see the appropriate section on this page.


Archers may compete in all Divisions. Archers may shoot both recurve and longbow in the Open Division and enter the Period Division separately. If you shoot a period style bow, you must shoot separately in Open and Period to enter a score for both Divisions (i.e. you cannot take one IKAC shot and count it for both the Open and the Period division, you must shoot two separate IKACs). Crossbows, both modern and period, may shoot only in the Crossbow Divisions. Youth rules are the same as the Adults, except for the age limit. Children�s Division rules are slightly different. See the Children�s Division paragraph below.

The competition may be shot at any official Kingdom or local event (regular practice sessions which are periodically announced in the appropriate newsletter count as official events--otherwise, official events are all those announced in the appropriate Kingdom or local newsletter). Events that fall outside of the normal IKAC season may be granted official scoring if requested to the Keeper well in advance in writing (AND with approval of the Keeper).

Archers may shoot for official score at as many competitions as they can attend, and may shoot for official score, in each Division, once each day of a multi-day event. Archers may shoot more than once in a particular Division per day, but only their top complete round of that day will be officially counted.

IMPORTANT: You may not pick and choose the best scores from multiple ends to put together your IKAC score - See the section above marked "Other Important Rules". Please pay special attention to the additional rules now in effect as stated in the section above. Any score may be questioned by the Keeper, and semblances of impropriety may lead to a score being questioned or discarded. Although all archers are believed to be honorable gentles in the Society, enough issues have happened over time that questions may be raised. It is the responsibility of each archer to hold himself or herself as well as others to the highest standards of our Society.

NOTE: The Keeper encourages each archer to proactively ask questions in cases of misunderstanding or confusion regarding rules or scores. Please feel free to contact the Keeper via email or phone (see the Contact section) if any questions arise.

In setting up and shooting the IKAC, all necessary precautions should be taken to insure the safety of all archers and bystanders. A warranted Marshal must be present at each IKAC shoot (an archer who is a Marshal may submit scores for himself/herself). The name of the Marshal must be submitted along with the score in order for the score to count. Starting this year, contact information for the Marshal MUST be submitted along with the score, in case there are questions with the submission (see OTHER IMPORTANT RULES section above). This is very important. If you are a Marshal, please be aware of this. Archers are counting on you for their scores to be counted, please assist by providing your contact information.


Upon the judgment of the Marshal in charge of the archery competition, and subject to the rules of each Kingdom and the Society, allowance may be made for various disabilities. For example, visually impaired archers may have someone tell them where their arrows strike the target. Archers in wheelchairs may shoot while seated. Archers unable to cock their crossbows may have someone cock it for them, etc.

The open division target is a 60 cm, five color faceThe open Division target is a 60 cm, five color face.


For the Open and Crossbow Divisions scoring is: Gold=5, Red=4, Blue=3, Black=2, White=1. Lines count as the higher score. Arrows passing through, falling out, or bouncing off the target face count as three points.

Scoring is on the honor system: you may count and record your own score.

The winning Kingdom will be determined by averaging the highest scores of the three top-scoring archers for each Kingdom. In the case of a tie, the Kingdom with the narrowest point spread will be declared the winner.

Scores must be postmarked within thirty days of being shot to be counted as official. Scores may be submitted after this date by asking for approval from the Keeper. The final scores must be received in writing by the Keeper no later than December 31st. The results of each competition should be sent as soon as possible after they are shot, so they may be tabulated and each month�s scores sent out to the Kingdom newsletters. The Keeper's interest is in recording all scores however, so if the deadline passes do not hesitate to submit your scores anyway. The Keeper may contact you to obtain clarification before entering the scores. NOTE: You are highly encouraged to enter all scores using the on-line form. This will allow me to review and post scores within 24-48 hours, as well as make it much easier to enter scores, and to keep track of any issues.

If you submit scores in any fashion other than the on-line form, then the submitted results must include:

Name of event, date, place, Marshal-in Charge's name and contact information (email or phone - must be archer marshal that officiated the archery shoot), archers' SCA name, archer�s mundane name, archer�s group, archer�s� Kingdom, scores by end, round and total, type of bow e.g. recurve, longbow or crossbow (crossbows should be listed as either modern or period style), and Division. When the Division (Open, Period or Crossbow) is not included the score cannot be counted.

Information must be typed or printed clearly. You may wish to send a copy of the scores to your Kingdom archery Officer, but that is left to each Kingdom's discretion. Please check your Kingdom's rules on this. You should always save a copy of scores submitted for your files, or in case further information is requested (this is very important, starting this year some scores may be questioned if issues arise). Scores may be sent by e-mail to, or by by snail-mail to: Keeper of the IKAC c/o Andre Detommaso, 19108 Valley Overlook Court, Knoxville, MD 21758. Again, you are highly encouraged the on-line submission form, or at least the Excel spreadsheet, both available on the IKAC web site.

NOTE1: If you do NOT use the on-line form, then the contact information for the Archery Marshal that held the shoot must be included with the submission, so that the Keeper may contact him or her in case of future questions. The Marshal must have knowledge of the shoot and of the archers that participated in it. Failure to provide such information may lead to score being rejected, if there are questions raised and the Keeper is unable to obtain enough information to validate the scores. Please see the section labeled IMPORTANT OTHER RULES above.

Note2: The Keeper needs to have the breakdown in score for each round. Scores that do not include this information may be rejected.

Note3: After the Keeper receives the scores, they will be posted on the web site. The Keeper receive several thousand scores during a season, and on occasion mistakes do occur, either by the Keeper or the person(s) submitting the scores. The on-line form removes the possibility of mistakes, which is one more reason why you are veru highly encouraged to use it. For other methods of submission, occasionally e-mails are not delivered, and marshals forget to submit scores. Also some Kingdoms centralize their scorekeeping and funnel all submissions through one person, which may also result in delays. It is your responsibility to make sure that your scores are posted correctly. Because people check each other�s scores, and make decisions on whether to shoot based on the posted scores starting this year the Keeper may choose to enforce a one-month rule on corrections. The Keeper will accept corrections to the scores for only one month after they have been received or shot, although exceptions may be made at the Keeper's discretion if information is provided. There will be no exceptions after 1 December, however. This means the Keeper will not accept a notice in December that a score in May is missing. Take an interest, and check the IKAC web site to make sure your score is posted. Please notify the Keeper as soon as possible of any problems. Since we are all volunteers in our Society, please keep that in mind and always try to be corteous. Remeber that mistakes may not be anyone's fault, and that everyone, the Keeper included, very much wants to ensure that all archers' scores are posted promptly and accurately.

Note4: As of 2003 I no longer need to know if you are using handbow "sights" (ie simple limb markings) or not, although including it in your submission will not cause the score to be rejected or be prejudicial in any way. I also do not need to know the Archer's SCA membership number, although feel free to include the information if your Kingdom requires it or it makes it easier to submit a score.



In the Open Handbow Division, recurves and longbows, both period and modern, may compete by the standard SCA Handbow rules. There is no poundage limit. The rounds and general rules are the same for all Divisions.


Both modern and period style crossbows may compete in the Open Crossbow Division. Crossbows may compete only in the crossbow Divisions.

No compound crossbows. Sights are allowed as specified in the SCA rules. Crossbow and bolt must conform to the SCA archery rules. There is no minimum or maximum weight for the prod. Any type of lock mechanism is allowed. The crossbow may be shot from any position. But the crossbow may be held only by the hands, not on sandbags, etc. Slings are not allowed for shooting, but may be used to carry the crossbow.

There is no limit to the number of bolts that may be shot in the speed ends. The target and scoring are the same as in the Open Division.


The main intent of the Period Division is to encourage the use and construction of gear with a more period appearance in our SCA archery. Period style longbows or recurves may still be shot in the Open Division as well.



Wood shafts of any wood, cane or bamboo are allowed. Fletching must be of feathers. Except for crossbows, which may use other materials used in period for bolts, such as parchment, etc. Crossbows may use either period style bolts or cut down wood arrow shafts. Points may be of any style except for broadheads.


Period style recurves and longbows of any material are allowed. Modern style recurves or longbows with full or partial center cut risers are not allowed. There is no weight limit, maximum or minimum. Crossbows will shoot only in the Crossbow Divisions.

Period style bows are defined as: Any style of bow that can be documented as used in pre 1600 archery, from Stone age bows to English longbows. Construction materials should be mainly those that were used in period for the making of that style of bow. Modern materials such as synthetic glues, finishes, fibers (strings) or artificial sinew are allowed as long as their use does not give an unfair advantage in performance over period materials. Fiberglass may be used as a substitute for horn and or sinew in the construction of period style recurve bows such as Arab, Turkish, Mongol, etc., but no modern features such as full or partial center cut handles are allowed. This last is important. Many modern longbows have some center-cut on their handle part (riser in a recurve). If that is the case, the bow is not allowed in the Period division. A protuding shelf resulting from layers of leather on the handle is allowed, however. The bow must have the appearance of a period laminate bow. Composite longbows (of different woods or backed with sinew or rawhide, etc.) are allowed. Bows do not have to conform to the persona of the archer.


Bows made from kits where the archer does the final tillering and finishing count as having made the entire bow. Laminate bows where the archer does the final assembling and tillering count. Crossbows where the archer does the final assembly and tuning count.


Archers may use any period style release appropriate for their bow, but are not required to do so. For example, an archer may use a glove or tab instead of a thumb ring while shooting an Eastern style bow.


Modern string materials are allowed, as well as period materials. Please exercise caution for a period material string.


Non period arrow rests are not allowed. Built in full or partial windows are not allowed. See fuller description above.


Non period nocking points are not allowed.


Placement of sighting marks on bow limbs is not allowed for the Period Division.


The five color 60 cm. target may be used for the period division.The five color 60 cm. target may be used for the period Division.

The standard five color 60 cm. IKAC target may be used, except that the scoring is different. The scoring is: White through blue = 2 points, red and outer gold = 4 points, inner gold = 8 points. Scores for the Royal Round, Open and Period Divisions may be shot and recorded on the five color face.


The period division target is a 60 cm. three color face.The period Division target is a 60 cm. three color face.

Those archers wishing to shoot a more period looking target are encouraged to make and use the period face. The target is based on the one from the Luttrell Psalter. The target represents a two ring target with a center peg. The peg was used to hold the target to the butt. Splitting the peg or pin was the best shot, so those arrows hitting dead center score highest. The colors are from the inner ring or peg to outer ring: Or, Vert, and Argent. It is scored: Argent=2, Vert=4 and Or=8. Four points are given for a pass through or bounce off.

The target face is equal in size to the current five ring, 60 cm. target now in use for the IKAC. The target may be made by hand by using a compass. The diameters of the rings are 6 cm., 24 cm. and 60 cm. The black line between the rings may be no wider than 2 mm. Yellow may be substituted for the gold and white for the silver. The vert should be a dark green. The back side of a 60 cm., five color target may be used by carefully tracing the rings.


The general rules are the same as for the Open Handbow Division.


Only period style crossbows may compete in this Division. Crossbows may compete only in the crossbow Divisions.

To be counted as a period style crossbow all the following conditions must be met: 1) The stock must be made of wood. 2) It may not have a rifle-style butt. 3) It may not have a modern style lock (period forms of self-resetting mechanisms are fine, however) or a trigger. 4) It may not have sights.

The prod may be of any material and there is no minimum or maximum weight for the prod. The locking and release mechanism may be of any material. The string may be of any material. Please exercise caution with strings made of period material.

Bolts may be of any wood and are to be fletched with feathers, parchment or other period materials. There may be from two to four fletches. Nocks shall be self or reinforced (no plastic nocks).

The crossbow may be shot from any position. But the crossbow may be held only by the hands, not on a sandbag, etc. Slings are not allowed for shooting, but may be used to carry the crossbow.

The target and scoring are the same as in the Period Division. There is no limit to the number arrows in the speed ends.


The children�s Division is open to all children up to 10 years of age. However, children that shoot with adult-sized bows or crossbows should be shooting in the Adult Division or Youth Divisions. Children that shoot in the adult or Youth Division may not shoot in the Children�s Division. Participants in the Children�s Division may shoot with either bows or crossbows. The age of the Child should be specified when sending in a score report. The target used in the Children�s Division is the same as the Open Handbow or Crossbow target. The rules are the same as in the Open Division, except that the distances are 10 yards, 15 yards and 20 yards (instead of 20,30 and 40). Note that medallions will be awarded in the same way as the other divisions, i.e. the average of the top three children in each Kingdom will be counted for score. However, I would be interested in finding a way to give something to each child that participates. If you have any ideas on what would be good rewards for children, please contact me. IMPORTANT NOTE: Starting with the 2009 season, no scores above 200 will be accepted in the Children division. If a score is submitted for more than 200 in the Child division, it will be rejected. See more complete explanation at beginning of Rules section.


The Youth Division s open to all children from 10 to 13 years. However, I would like to encourage marshals to have older children shoot in the Adult division if they shoot with adult-sized bows or crossbows and obtain good scores with these weapons. Children that shoot in the Adult or Children Division may not shoot in the Youth Division. Participants in the Youth Division may shoot with either bows or crossbows. The age of the Youth should be specified when sending in a score report. The rules are the same as in the Open Division, except that the distances are 10 yards, 15 yards and 20 yards (instead of 20,30 and 40). The rules are the same as in the Open Division. Note that in this division, medallions will be awarded ONLY to the top three archers overall regardless of Kingdom. If enough archers participate this year, the rules will be amended next year to award medallions in the same way as other divisions. IMPORTANT NOTE: Starting with the 2009 season, no scores above 200 will be accepted in the Youth division. If a score is submitted for more than 200 in the Child division, it will be rejected. See more complete explanation at beginning of Rules section.

For more information, contact the Keeper of the IKAC:
Lorenzo il Confuso
c/o Andre Detommaso
19108 Valley Overlook Court
Knoxville, MD 21758
E-mail: IKAC scores-sca org

If you have any questions or comments, please let me know


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